Many of these are translations and also definitions from Sikolohiyang Pilipino (SP) or Filipino Psychology.

Damdam – empathy, inner perception of others’ emotions. Also see Pakikiramdam.

Diwa – idea, spirit, Soul

Bahala Na – Filipino attitude, in which, he/she is determined to do his/her best and in the face of uncertainty takes courage and thus action. The common Filipino phrase “bahala na” essentially means “I will do my best and trust God to take care of the outcome.”

Hiya – sense of propriety

Hiyang – appropriateness

Kapwa – shared identity. inner Self/Spirit/Self. In SP, Kapwa has two categories, Ibang Tao (other people) and Hindi Ibang Tao (not other people). Togetherness. It is “unity of the one-of-us-and-the-other.” Also see Pakikipagkapwa.

Kagandahang Loob – Shared nobility or shared humanity.

Kalayaan – freedom, liberty and independence. Emancipation. Being free from form of control in the form of violent action and words.

Katutubong Kaalaman – indigenous knowledge

Loob – deepest, innermost Self

Magkatao – people-centered orientation

Pagbabalikloob – Return to Self, Return to Source. Decolonization process. Returning to Home.

Pagkapilipino – being Filipino

Pakikibagay – conformity

Pakikipagkapwa – togetherness. sacred interconnection of people and all of Creation. Also seeKapwa.

Pakikiramdam – shared inner perceptions. Empathy. Heightened awareness and sensitivity of others emotions and thoughts. Also see Damdam.

Pakikisama – Smooth Interpersonal Relationship/s and maintenance thereof. Being united with another, a group, or a community.

Panagtagbo– meeting together, collaboration

Pakikitungo – civility

Pamathalaan – communities

Talinghaga – a process of reflection, contemplation… it is thinking and seeing in metaphors, and it entails a matter of inner sight; a part of Filipino holistic thinking. De Guia writes in Kapwa (seeCFBS books listthat its “a wholistic lifestyle that was anchored in prayer and devotion.” Talinghagais quite significant in trying to understand how Filipinos think naturally and how our westernized thinking may not include acknowledgement of the validity of such an ability; anyone can be quite capable of thinking intuitively and logically, and creating a balance between the two types of thinking.

Utang na Loob – Norm of reciprocity



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