Many of these are translations and also definitions from Sikolohiyang Pilipino (SP) or Filipino Psychology.
Bahala Na – Filipino attitude, in which, he/she is determined to do his/her best and in the face of uncertainty takes courage and thus action. The common Filipino phrase “bahala na” essentially means “I will do my best and trust God to take care of the outcome.”
Kapwa – shared identity. inner Self/Spirit/Self. In SP, Kapwa has two categories, Ibang Tao (other people) and Hindi Ibang Tao (not other people). Togetherness. It is “unity of the one-of-us-and-the-other.” Also see Pakikipagkapwa.
Pakikipagkapwa – togetherness. sacred interconnection of people and all of Creation. Also seeKapwa.
Pakikisama – Smooth Interpersonal Relationship/s and maintenance thereof. Being united with another, a group, or a community.
Talinghaga – a process of reflection, contemplation… it is thinking and seeing in metaphors, and it entails a matter of inner sight; a part of Filipino holistic thinking. De Guia writes in Kapwa (seeCFBS books list) that its “a wholistic lifestyle that was anchored in prayer and devotion.” Talinghagais quite significant in trying to understand how Filipinos think naturally and how our westernized thinking may not include acknowledgement of the validity of such an ability; anyone can be quite capable of thinking intuitively and logically, and creating a balance between the two types of thinking.
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